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2021 Webinars

Thermal Laser Epitaxy

Thursday, April 29, 2021

Speaker: Hans Boschker, Woflgang Braun and Dong Yeong Kim

Staff scientists, Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research Stuttgart, Germany

Abstract: We propose and demonstrate a novel thin film epitaxy technique combining the advantages of molecular beam epitaxy (adsorption-limited growth modes, ultrapure elemental sources) and pulsed laser deposition (no limitations in source and substrate temperatures as well as background gas composition, extremely simple in-vacuum setup). In such a thermal laser epitaxy system, multiple elemental sources that can be exchanged by the same mechanism as the substrates are heated thermally and continuously by individual laser beams. Substrate heating is performed by a CO₂ laser, allowing temperatures exceeding 2000 °C.

We demonstrate the UHV deposition of practically all elements in the periodic table, including W, Ta, C, Nb and Mo, as well as the deposition of oxide films from elemental metal sources in 10% ozone, 90% oxygen background pressures as high as 10⁻² hPa.

The advantages and promises of this clean, simple, fast and versatile new technique are presented and discussed in detail.

Multi-Resolution Photoemission Spectroscopy on Quantum Materials

Thursday, March 25, 2021

Speaker: Dr. Shuolong Yang

Abstract: Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) has been utilized for several decades as a major tool to resolve electronic band structures and fundamental interactions in quantum materials. On the other hand, critical information about quantum materials is hidden above the Fermi level, in the time domain, or in microscopic spatial domains. ARPES experiments combined with femtosecond time resolution and micrometer spatial resolution have garnered tremendous attention in the condensed matter community. In this talk I will introduce our latest development of a multi-resolution photoemission spectroscopy setup which combines meV energy resolution, mA-1 momentum resolution, 35 fs time resolution, and 10 micron spatial resolution. I will use examples of magnetic topological insulators and Fe-based superconductors to demonstrate the novel functionalities that this setup brings.

Bio: Prof. Shuolong Yang obtained his B.S. in Physics at Stanford University in 2010. He continued to finish his Ph.D. in Applied Physics at Stanford in 2016. Before starting at the University of Chicago, he was a postdoctoral fellow at Cornell University, working at the intersection between condensed matter physics and materials science. Prof. Yang has been the recipient of several prestigious scholarships and fellowships, including the Larry Yung Scholarship, the J. E. Wallace Sterling Award for Scholastic Achievement at Stanford, and the Stanford Graduate Fellowship. He was awarded the Kavli postdoctoral fellowship at Cornell.

Probing the First Layer of Atoms: Manipulating and Observing Matter in Nanoscale Self-Organized Systems

Thursday, February 25, 2021

Abstract: Deciphering self-organization mechanisms of nanostructures (e.g., nanodots, ripples) and low-dimensional state systems (e.g., 2D materials, ultrathin films, etc...) on complex materials (i.e., compound semiconductors [1], alloys, metallic glass [2]) via low-energy ion beam irradiation is critical to manipulate functionality in nanostructured systems. By operating at ultra-low energies near the damage threshold, irradiation-driven defect engineering can be optimized (e.g., 10-500 eV).  Tunability of optical, electronic, magnetic, and nuclear detection properties is realized by reaching metastable phases controlled by irradiation. This talk summarizes emerging research that exploits irradiation-driven materials modification with applications in: nanophotonics, nanoelectronics, biomaterials and nuclear detection.  Furthermore, advances of in-situ analysis conducted during modification to correlate tunable irradiation synthesis and device performance will be summarized [3]. 


[1] M Lively et al. Sci. Reports 10, (2020) 8253

[2] P. Luo et al. ACS Appl. Nano Mater 3, 12 (2020) 12025

[3] J.P. Allain and A. Shetty, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50, 28 (2017) 283002



Bio: Jean Paul Allain is the inaugural head of the Ken and Mary Alice Lindquist Department of Nuclear Engineering. He holds the Lloyd and Dorothy Foehr Huck Chair in Plasma Medicine in the Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, and he is a faculty co-hire of the Institute for Computational and Data Sciences. Allain was professor and associate head of graduate programs in the Department of Nuclear, Plasma and Radiological Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) from 2013 until 2019 and was assistant and associate professor in nuclear engineering at Purdue University from 2007 to 2013. His group’s research areas include advanced functional bio interfaces, advanced nuclear fusion interfaces, multi-scale computational irradiation surface science, nanostructured functional materials, adaptive and self-healing interfaces, sustainable nanomanufacturing, and in-situ, in-operando material surface diagnostics.

Approaching the Intrinsic Limit in Transition Metal Dichalcogenide van der Waals Heterostructures

Thursday, February 4, 2021

Speaker: Dr. James Hone, Columbia University 


Studying the intrinsic behavior 2D materials requires attention to both external and internal sources of disorder. This talk will first review the techniques used to create clean heterostructures with hBN to reduce environmental disorder. In graphene, ten years of progress has led to device performance now rivaling he highest-quality GaAs-based heterostructures.  On the other hand, semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are also limited by atomic defects within the crystalline layers, which requires efforts in synthesis and characterization of high purity crystals.  This talk will present recent progress in synthesis of TMD crystals with dramatically lower defect density using a self-flux technique.  Combining higher crystal quality and clean encapsulation allows observation of greatly enhanced optical properties, including near-unity photoluminescence quantum yield, and long excited-state lifetime in TMD heterostructures. In addition, electronic transport measurements show improved carrier mobility and reveal many new details in magnetotransport measurements, including observation of fractional quantum Hall states in monolayer TMDs.  These high-quality crystals also allow studies of twisted bilayer TMDs, which show the emergence of many-body correlated states.

James Hone is currently Wang Fong-Jen Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Columbia University, and director of PAQM, Columbia’s Materials Science Research and Engineering Center (MRSEC).  He received his BS in physics from Yale in 1990, and PhD in experimental condensed matter physics from UC Berkeley in 1998, and did postdoctoral work at the University of Pennsylvania and Caltech, where he was a Millikan Fellow.  He joined the Columbia faculty in 2003.