A publication is often considered to be a key product of academic research. It is the public-facing record of the research that is archived and available for others to read, as well as part of a portfolio that impacts the professional advancement of researchers. Authorship is therefore an important aspect of a publication. This talk will highlight some considerations that are relevant when determining the list of authors that is included on a publication. Emphasis will be placed on practical guidelines and best practices that are recommended by federal funding agencies, journals, and institutions.